Complete in-house engineered and built hydrogen liquefaction plants with current capacities ranging from 5 to >30 metric tons per day.
Complete Scope of Supply
Complete solution including compressors, oil removal systems, vacuum cold box with integral turboexpanders, heat exchangers, storage tanks, cryogenic distribution system and trailer loading system. Integral nitrogen re-liquefaction is offered as an option. All major components are built by Chart.
Hydrogen Liquefaction Process
A warm, pure hydrogen feed stream is compressed (if necessary) to achieve the liquefier high pressure stream design pressure
Pure, high pressure hydrogen feed stream enters a cold box where it is cooled by liquid nitrogen and a recycle circuit that produces refrigeration from a compressed helium or hydrogen stream by expanding it in one or more turboexpanders
Refrigerated hydrogen feed stream flows across a Joule-Thomson valve where it is expanded to produce a two-phase hydrogen stream
2-phase stream flows into a storage tank where the liquid and vapor are separated
Liquid remains in the storage tank and the cold vapor is returned to the cold box where it is used to cool the hydrogen feed stream
3D Models Showing 10 Tons/Day Hydrogen Liquefier Vacuum Cold Box – 10 ft Diameter x 40 ft High – 300 K to 20 K
A complete liquefaction system typically includes flash, recycle and feed (where applicable) compressors, oil removal systems (where applicable), a vacuum cold box containing heat exchangers, adsorbers, expanders, valves & instrument, product storage & distribution and control & analytical systems.
The net refrigeration requirements for a liquefier are much higher than for a refrigerator of comparable recycle flow. Therefore, a liquefier will have higher expander power and will often include more expanders to improve process efficiency. Use of an external refrigerant is quite common in liquefier applications since it will reduce the recycle flow requirements up to 75%.
The combination of Chart and Cryo Technologies offers the market a unique one-stop shop for customers who want to liquefy, store, distribute and market the hydrogen molecule, regardless of plant capacity.
Chart's hydrogen liquefaction processes use liquid nitrogen pre-cooling, helium or hydrogen refrigeration cycles and rotating equipment, all designed and selected to offer our customers the optimum balance between CAPEX and OPEX.
Minimized Cost, Risk & Schedule
Proven process technologies, high quality, custom engineered and commercially available components, expert fabrication and maximized shop packaging unite to reduce cost, schedule, and risk.
To meet each customer’s specific needs, customization options include choice of capacity, choice of refrigeration cycle, choice of compression, optional front-end purification, optional nitrogen re-liquefaction, and unlimited storage and trailer loading options.
With >20 years specialty cryogenic engineering and welding expertise, the acquisition of Fronti brings another cryogenic industry partner into the Chart portfolio, expands our cold box manufacturing capability and capacity, including hydrogen and helium liquefiers and creates the foundation for our mid-Atlantic flexible manufacturing location.
Total Approach to Hydrogen Liquefaction
Chart only designs and manufactures the critical equipment for the hydrogen supply chain. We do not produce the molecule nor own/operate our equipment, so there is never a conflict of interest with our customers.
In-house manufacturing of major liquefaction components including specialty brazed aluminum heat exchangers, cold boxes (vacuum and perlite), turboexpanders, liquid hydrogen storage tanks, vacuum jacketed pipework and air cooled heat exchangers
Major manufacturing is located in the US
Proven experience of liquefaction trains from 5 to >30 TPD
Options for pre-cooling and hydrogen or helium refrigeration enable Chart to optimize CAPEX, OPEX and operational flexibility (turndown) depending on site conditions, power costs and other factors
Experience and expertise regarding the unique dynamic behavior of storage tanks and transport containers, which we account for in our designs ensuring a Chart system is stable and efficient across a wide range of cold end conditions
Gas Compression Magazine explores Chart’s integrated value chain investments made to position the company at the forefront of the clean energy transition through Nexus of Clean™.
The Energy Update-Q3, 2022
Newsletter bringing you the latest developments in Chart's clean energy solutions.
WB Hydrogen Report 2022
Hydrogen is set to play a key role in decarbonization and its demand is on the rise. Scaling up requires major deployment of the necessary equipment, creating demand for key materials. Read the report to understand the impacts of this increased demand. Published by World Hydrogen Council.
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